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Regions

Region Japanese # Prefecture Capital Island
Hokkaidō 北海道 1 Hokkaidō Sapporo Hokkaidō
Tōhoku 東北地方 2 Aomori Aomori Honshū
Tōhoku 東北地方 3 Iwate Morioka Honshū
Tōhoku 東北地方 4 Miyagi Sendai Honshū
Tōhoku 東北地方 5 Akita Akita Honshū
Tōhoku 東北地方 6 Yamagata Yamagata Honshū
Tōhoku 東北地方 7 Fukushima Fukushima Honshū
Kantō 関東地方 8 Ibaraki Mito Honshū
Kantō 関東地方 9 Tochigi Utsunomiya Honshū
Kantō 関東地方 10 Gunma Maebashi Honshū
Kantō 関東地方 11 Saitama Saitama Honshū
Kantō 関東地方 12 Chiba Chiba Honshū
Kantō 関東地方 13 Tokyo Shinjuku Honshū
Kantō 関東地方 14 Kanagawa Yokohama Honshū
Chūbu 中部地方 15 Niigata Niigata Honshū
Chūbu 中部地方 16 Toyama Toyama Honshū
Chūbu 中部地方 17 Ishikawa Kanazawa Honshū
Chūbu 中部地方 18 Fukui Fukui Honshū
Chūbu 中部地方 19 Yamanashi Kofu Honshū
Chūbu 中部地方 20 Nagano Nagano Honshū
Chūbu 中部地方 21 Gifu Gifu Honshū
Chūbu 中部地方 22 Shizuoka Shizuoka Honshū
Chūbu 中部地方 23 Aichi Nagoya Honshū
Kansai 関西地方 24 Mie Tsu Honshū
Kansai 関西地方 25 Shiga Otsu Honshū
Kansai 関西地方 26 Kyoto Kyoto Honshū
Kansai 関西地方 27 Osaka Osaka Honshū
Kansai 関西地方 28 Hyōgo Kobe Honshū
Kansai 関西地方 29 Nara Nara Honshū
Kansai 関西地方 30 Wakayama Wakayama Honshū
Chūgoku 中国地方 31 Tottori Tottori Honshū
Chūgoku 中国地方 32 Shimane Matsue Honshū
Chūgoku 中国地方 33 Okayama Okayama Honshū
Chūgoku 中国地方 34 Hiroshima Hiroshima Honshū
Chūgoku 中国地方 35 Yamaguchi Yamaguchi Honshū
Shikoku 四国 36 Tokushima Tokushima Shikoku
Shikoku 四国 37 Kagawa Takamatsu Shikoku
Shikoku 四国 38 Ehime Matsuyama Shikoku
Shikoku 四国 39 Kōchi Kōchi Shikoku
Kyūshū 九州 40 Fukuoka Fukuoka Kyūshū
Kyūshū 九州 41 Saga Saga Kyūshū
Kyūshū 九州 42 Nagasaki Nagasaki Kyūshū
Kyūshū 九州 43 Kumamoto Kumamoto Kyūshū
Kyūshū 九州 44 Ōita Ōita Kyūshū
Kyūshū 九州 45 Miyazaki Miyazaki Kyūshū
Kyūshū 九州 46 Kagoshima Kagoshima Kyūshū
Okinawa 九州 47 Okinawa Naha Ryūkyū
Regions of Japan - These are not official administrative units, but have been traditionally used as the regional division of Japan in a number of contexts. For instance, maps and geography textbooks divide Japan into the eight regions, weather reports usually give the weather by region, and many businesses and institutions use their home region as part of their name (Kinki Nippon Railway, Chūgoku Bank, Tohoku University, etc.). While Japan has eight High Courts, their jurisdictions do not correspond to the eight regions below.

From north to south, the traditional regions are:
  • Hokkaidō (the island of Hokkaidō and nearby islands, largest city Sapporo)
  • Tōhoku region (northern Honshū, largest city Sendai)
  • Kantō region (eastern Honshū, largest cities Tokyo and Yokohama)
  • Chūbu region (central Honshū, including Mt. Fuji), sometimes divided into:
    • Hokuriku region (northwestern Chūbu)
    • Kōshin'etsu region (northeastern Chūbu, largest city Nagano)
    • Tōkai region (southern Chūbu, largest city Nagoya, Hamamatsu, and Shizuoka)
    • Chūkyō region (southwestern Chūbu, largest city Nagoya, Gifu,and Yokkaichi)
  • Kansai or Kinki region (west-central Honshū, largest cities Osaka, Kobe, and Kyoto)
  • Chūgoku region (western Honshū, largest city Hiroshima, and Okayama)
  • Shikoku (island, largest city Matsuyama, and Takamatsu)
  • Kyūshū (island, largest city Fukuoka) which includes:
Each contains several prefectures, except the Hokkaidō region, which covers only Hokkaidō. The Okinawa region is actually considered part of the Kyūshū region but was separated in this section.

Information source: “Regions of Japan.” wikipedia.org. Article date: 10 Nov. 2008. Retrieved: Wikipedia. 2 Mar. 2008 <Regions of Japan>.
 

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