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Japanese Culture
Capital Cities

Capital Japanese # Prefecture Region Island
Akita 秋田市 5 Akita Tōhoku Honshū
Aomori 青森市 2 Aomori Tōhoku Honshū
Chiba 千葉市 12 Chiba Kantō Honshū
Fukui 福井市 18 Fukui Chūbu Honshū
Fukuoka 福岡市 40 Fukuoka Kyūshū Kyūshū
Fukushima 福島市 7 Fukushima Tōhoku Honshū
Gifu 岐阜市 21 Gifu Chūbu Honshū
Hiroshima 広島市 34 Hiroshima Chūgoku Honshū
Kagoshima 鹿児島市 46 Kagoshima Kyūshū Kyūshū
Kanazawa 金沢市 17 Ishikawa Chūbu Honshū
Kobe 神戸市 28 Hyōgo Kansai Honshū
Kōchi 高知市 39 Kōchi Shikoku Shikoku
Kofu 甲府市 19 Yamanashi Chūbu Honshū
Kumamoto 熊本市 43 Kumamoto Kyūshū Kyūshū
Kyoto 京都市 26 Kyoto Kansai Honshū
Maebashi 前橋市 10 Gunma Kantō Honshū
Matsue 松江市 32 Shimane Chūgoku Honshū
Matsuyama 松山市 38 Ehime Shikoku Shikoku
Mito 水戸市 8 Ibaraki Kantō Honshū
Miyazaki 宮崎市 45 Miyazaki Kyūshū Kyūshū
Morioka 盛岡市 3 Iwate Tōhoku Honshū
Nagano 長野市 20 Nagano Chūbu Honshū
Nagasaki 長崎市 42 Nagasaki Kyūshū Kyūshū
Nagoya 名古屋市 23 Aichi Chūbu Honshū
Naha 那覇市 47 Okinawa Okinawa Ryūkyū
Nara 奈良市 29 Nara Kansai Honshū
Niigata 新潟市 15 Niigata Chūbu Honshū
Ōita 大分市 44 Ōita Kyūshū Kyūshū
Okayama 岡山市 33 Okayama Chūgoku Honshū
Osaka 大阪市 27 Osaka Kansai Honshū
Otsu 大津市 25 Shiga Kansai Honshū
Saga 佐賀市 41 Saga Kyūshū Kyūshū
Saitama さいたま市 11 Saitama Kantō Honshū
Sapporo 札幌市 1 Hokkaidō Hokkaidō Hokkaidō
Sendai 仙台市 4 Miyagi Tōhoku Honshū
Shinjuku 新宿区 13 Tokyo Kantō Honshū
Shizuoka 静岡市 22 Shizuoka Chūbu Honshū
Takamatsu 高松市 37 Kagawa Shikoku Shikoku
Tokushima 徳島市 36 Tokushima Shikoku Shikoku
Tottori 鳥取市 31 Tottori Chūgoku Honshū
Toyama 富山市 16 Toyama Chūbu Honshū
Tsu 津市 24 Mie Kansai Honshū
Utsunomiya 宇都宮市 9 Tochigi Kantō Honshū
Wakayama 和歌山市 30 Wakayama Kansai Honshū
Yamagata 山形市 6 Yamagata Tōhoku Honshū
Yamaguchi 山口市 35 Yamaguchi Chūgoku Honshū
Yokohama 横浜市 14 Kanagawa Kantō Honshū
City (市, shi) - A local administrative unit in Japan. Cities are ranked on the same level as towns (町, machi) and villages (村, mura), with the difference that they are not a component of districts (郡, gun). Like other contemporary administrative units, they are defined by the Local Autonomy Law of 1947.

Generally, a village or town can be promoted to a city when its population increases above fifty thousand, and a city can (but need not) be demoted to a town or village when its population decreases below fifty thousand. The least-populated city, Utashinai, Hokkaido, has population of mere six thousand, while a town in the same prefecture, Otofuke, Hokkaido, has nearly forty thousand. Larger cities of at least 200,000 inhabitants can achieve one of three special statuses: special city, core city, or “designated” city.

Most people outside Japan think of Tokyo, Japan’s capital, as a city, but under Japanese law it is a special subregional administrative unit called a to (都, to) that has prefectural authority (and is therefore counted as one of the country’s 47 prefectures). Its official name is Tokyo Metropolis (and that of its government, Tokyo Metropolitan Government), and it has incorporated cities within its jurisdiction.

Information source: “Cities of Japan.” wikipedia.org. Article date: 4 Feb. 2008. Retrieved: Wikipedia. 2 Mar. 2008 <Cities of Japan>.
 

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