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天気,  てんき,  Tenki, Weather - As an island nation, Japan has a long coastline. A few prefectures are landlocked: Gunma, Tochigi, Saitama, Nagano, Yamanashi, Gifu, Shiga, and Nara. As Mt. Fuji provides rain shadow effects in Yamanashi it has the least rainfall in Japan, which still excesses 1000 mm annually. The others all have coasts on the Pacific Ocean, Sea of Japan, Seto Inland Sea or have a body of salt water connected to them. Two prefectures—Hokkaidō and Okinawa—are composed entirely of islands.

Japan is divided into six principal climatic zones.
  • Hokkaidō (北海道, Hokkaidō?): Belonging to the cool temperate zone, Hokkaidō has long, cold winters and cool summers. Precipitation is not great.
  • Sea of Japan (日本海, Nihonkai?): The northwest seasonal wind in winter gives heavy snowfalls. In summer it is less hot than in the Pacific area but sometimes experiences extreme high temperatures due to the Föhn wind phenomenon.
  • Central Highland (中央高地, Chūō-kōchi?): A typical inland climate gives large temperature differences between summers and winters and between days and nights. Precipitation is not large throughout the year.
  • Seto Inland Sea (瀬戸内海, Setonaikai?): The mountains in the Chūgoku and Shikoku regions block the seasonal winds and bring mild climate and many fine days throughout the year.
  • Pacific Ocean (太平洋, Taiheiyō?): Winters are cold, with little snowfall, and summers are hot and humid due to the southeast seasonal wind.
  • Southwest Islands (南西諸島, Nansei-shotō?): This zone has a subtropical climate with warm winters and hot summers. Precipitation is very high, and is especially affected by the rainy season and typhoons.
The warmest winter temperatures are found in the Nampo and Bonin Islands, which enjoy a tropical climate due to the combination of latitude, distance from the Asian mainland, and warming effect of winds from the Kuroshio, as well as the Volcano Islands (at the latitude of the southernmost Ryūkyūs, 24° N.).

The hottest temperature ever measured in Japan—40.9 degrees Celsius—occurred in Tajimi, Gifu on August 16, 2007.

Information source: “Geography of Japan.” wikipedia.org. Article date: 31 Jan. 2008. Retrieved: Wikipedia. 2 Feb. 2008 <Geography of Japan>.

Report - The following is a continuously updated weather report for Tokyo.
 
 

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